Webinar Archives

This webinar originally aired on 28 March, 2019.

Presented by: John McDonough of NOAA

Unmanned Systems (UxS) are transforming how we study and manage the marine environment. This presentation will provide an overview of unmanned aerial systems, unmanned surface vehicles, unmanned underwater vehicles, buoyancy gliders, and remotely operated vehicles. Emphasis will be placed on their contributions to establishing and managing marine protected areas.

This webinar was presented by: Brian Baird, an Ocean and Coastal Policy Advisor; Samantha Murray of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Mark Carr of the University of California Santa Cruz; and Charlie Wahle of NOAA.

The Marine Protected Areas Federal Advisory Committee (MPAFAC) provides recommendations to the US Departments of Commerce (NOAA) and Interior on ways to ensure the effective design, establishment, and adaptive management of US MPAs. Created in 2003 and reauthorized by the White House in 2017, the Committee comprises 20 members representing diverse sectors and interests in ocean matters. In 2018, the Committee was directed to document examples of the ecological, economic, and cultural benefits provided by federal and other MPAs around the country, and to recommend specific actions that should be undertaken by MPA agencies to sustain those benefits in the face of rapidly changing ocean conditions and uses. After a thorough investigation, the MPAFAC found extensive, and sometimes surprising, examples of benefits from existing MPAs, including: ecological resilience; coastal storm protection; revenue from ocean tourism and recreation; cultural and historical education; diverse public engagement in ocean conservation; and capacity-building for local ocean decision-makers. The Committee also provided specific recommendations for sustaining MPA benefits, including a unanimous call to "Fully support, fund, maintain, evaluate and adaptively manage the nation's MPAs ...". In this webinar, three of the Committee's leaders, and the NOAA liaison, will provide an overview of the Committee's findings and recommendations and will discuss their implications for MPAs in the US and elsewhere.

This webinar was presented by Jorge Álvarez-Romero, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University.

Creating a new marine conservation or management plan? Learn what others have done in the past – build on their research and experiences and how they addressed challenges – using the new Conservation Planning Database. The database recently launched with 163 peer-reviewed papers on 155 marine systematic conservation planning exercises from around the world. The database will help planners find relevant conservation plans from all over the world including their local area, scientists study trends in conservation planning, and donors and NGOs identify regions where little conservation planning has been done. Join this webinar to learn more about the database, what it reveals about that current state of marine systematic conservation planning, how you can add to it, and how developers are planning to make it even more useful.

This webinar was presented by Sara Hutto of the Greater Farallones National Marine Sanctuary and Susan Guiteras of the US Fish and Wildlife Service.

Climate impacts are already being felt at coastal and marine protected areas, and some managers are moving beyond conducting vulnerability assessment to implementing climate adaptation actions to address climate stressors. These actions range from relatively small-scale efforts (e.g., restoring native oysters that protect shorelines) to major restoration and adaptation projects (e.g., returning tidal flow in wetlands and restoring natural barrier island geomorphology to increase resiliency to storm events). Speakers will present case studies from the Greater Farallones National Marine Sanctuary and Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge.

This webinar was presented by Tim Fitzgerald of EDF and Alex Markham of Encourage Capital. 

Although billions of public and private dollars are invested in fisheries every year, more often than not, sustainability is neither the driver nor the intended outcome of those investment dollars. Launched at the World Ocean Summit 2018, the Principles for Investment in Sustainable Wild-Caught Fisheries provide investors with the realities and opportunities of wild-caught fisheries, while also generating confidence that building environmental and social sustainability into fisheries projects will yield a strong return on their investment. The Principles cover everything from data-poor fisheries to human rights and food security, and are designed to align with the UN Principles of Responsible Investment and help advance the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Since their release, the Principles have garnered commitments from more than two dozen investors, project developers, philanthropies and conservation organizations, and we are eager to grow this network of influential actors and practitioners to help spur global sustainability for fisheries and fishing communities. For more information visit fisheriesprinciples.org.

This webinar was presented by Eva Papaioannou of the University of Dundee and Rebecca Selden of Rutgers University

Fish resources in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast US are sensitive to the impacts of climate change, with marked shifts in species’ distribution already taking place. Fishing communities’ response strategies to change are frequently neglected within policy, compromising the effectiveness of management schemes. This presentation will describe: 1) how fishing communities in these regions are responding to changes in the abundance and distribution of major commercial species and 2) how key characteristics of the fisheries (e.g., species diversity, gear diversity, vessel mobility, quota and permitting systems, proximity to fishing grounds) and fishing communities shape their choice of response strategies (e.g., changes in fishing effort, port of landing, and target species). This presentation will draw from research on New England lobster fisheries and mid-Atlantic Bight trawl fisheries. Results from these types of studies are critical for the development of climate-ready fisheries management and community adaptation plans. 

 

This webinar was presented by Jane Lubchenco and Kirsten Grorud-Colvert of Oregon State University, Dan Laffoley of IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas-Marine, and Naomi Kingston of UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre.

As countries work toward meeting their Aichi and SDG targets of protecting 10% of the ocean by 2020, and as post-2020 agenda discussions begin, many players are wrestling with the confusion around the plethora of types of MPAs and other related conservation measures. Fortunately, clarity surrounding many of the key issues is emerging. This webinar will describe the consensus arising from multiple recent MPA workshops, including answers to these questions: What is (and is not) an MPA? What standards should all MPAs meet? What are Other Effective Conservation Measures (OECMs) and how do they relate to MPAs? IUCN already recognizes different types of MPAs according to their management objectives and governance arrangements, but is there a simple set of categories to describe the level of protection afforded by an MPA? What outcomes are likely from different levels of protection? Recognizing that it often takes time and multiple steps to establish a new MPA, when during the process should a new MPA be ‘counted’ in official tallies of total protection for a country or the world? Please note: This session is an extended question and answer session following the December 4 webinar on this subject.

This webinar was presented by Jane Lubchenco and Kirsten Grorud-Colvert of Oregon State University, Dan Laffoley of IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas-Marine, and Naomi Kingston of UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre.

As countries work toward meeting their Aichi and SDG targets of protecting 10% of the ocean by 2020, and as post-2020 agenda discussions begin, many players are wrestling with the confusion around the plethora of types of MPAs and other related conservation measures. Fortunately, clarity surrounding many of the key issues is emerging. This webinar will describe the consensus arising from multiple recent MPA workshops, including answers to these questions: What is (and is not) an MPA? What standards should all MPAs meet? What are Other Effective Conservation Measures (OECMs) and how do they relate to MPAs? IUCN already recognizes different types of MPAs according to their management objectives and governance arrangements, but is there a simple set of categories to describe the level of protection afforded by an MPA? What outcomes are likely from different levels of protection? Recognizing that it often takes time and multiple steps to establish a new MPA, when during the process should a new MPA be ‘counted’ in official tallies of total protection for a country or the world? 

Presented by: Steve Gaines and Chris Costello of UCSB and Merrick Burden of EDF

The world’s oceans have the potential to be significantly more plentiful than today even with climate change, provided good management practices are put in place and warming is held to no more than 2 degrees Celsius, according to the first-of-its kind study (http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/8/eaao1378). The study shows that compared to today, estimated future global outcomes include a $14 billion USD increase in profits, 25 billion additional servings of seafood, and 217 million more metric tons of fish in the sea - nearly a third more fish than exist today, if we can meet the imperative of the Paris Climate Accord and ensure global temperatures don’t rise beyond 2 degrees Celsius. Co-authors will discuss the findings and implications of the paper, as well as what is already being done by governments around the world to address climate change impacts on fisheries and people around the globe.

This webinar was presented by Alistair Hobday of CSIRO and Eric Oliver of Dalhousie University. 

Extreme climate and weather events shape the structure of biological systems and affect the biogeochemical functions and services they provide for society. There is overwhelming evidence that the frequency, duration, intensity and timing of extreme events on land are changing under global warming, increasing the risk of severe, pervasive and in some cases irreversible impacts on natural and socio-economic systems. Climatic extremes also occur in the ocean, and recent decades have seen many high-impact marine heatwaves (MHWs) –anomalously warm water events that may last many months and extend over thousands of square kilometres. A range of biological and economic impacts have been associated with some intense MHWs. We will cover historical and projected trends in these events, and the role of attribution for communication and mechanistic understanding. Growing public interest in marine extreme events means that measuring the severity of these phenomena in real time is becoming more important, and we propose a method for consistent description of MHWs that is compatible with an underlying long term trend. Finally, we will demonstrate software that is available for use to study or follow MHWs in your area of interest

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