This webinar was presented by James Hardcastle of IUCN and Sue Wells of WCPA-Marine. The IUCN Green List is a new and progressive initiative that encourages and celebrates the success of protected areas, both terrestrial and marine, that reach excellent standards of management. Protected areas that are well-managed fulfill their promise of conserving biodiversity and essential ecosystem services that benefit everyone and sustain life on earth. For protected area managers or agencies, the IUCN Green List will provide direct and indirect benefits from listing including: 1) International recognition for the listed areas and their management authorities for the high quality of management; 2) Political and financial support for areas that achieve listing, or to address issues that will facilitate listing of new areas; 3) Motivation of protected area managers and their agencies to meet and maintain high standards of management; 4) Opportunities for listed areas and their agencies to receive financial and project support; 5) Recognition by the tourism industry and visitors that the area will offer a quality visitor experience; 6) Acknowledgement by communities and stakeholders that the area addresses issues of involvement and benefit sharing; and 7) Further motivation to establish routine methods for measuring management effectiveness. This webinar discussed the origins and implementation of the IUCN Green List including standards that protected areas must meet to be listed and how marine and coastal sites are engaging in the process. This webinar was co-sponsored by the NOAA National MPA Center, the EBM Tools Network, and MPA News.
This webinar was presented by Ian Miller of Washington Sea Grant. Washington Sea Grant has partnered with the Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe and Adaptation International to develop local sea level rise projections and sea level scenario maps for the Jamestown S'Klallam community. The assessments are being used to identify tribal areas or resources that are particularly vulnerable to sea level rise and priority adaptation actions and are already being integrated into long-term community planning. This webinar presented a process for developing community-based sea level rise projections and facilitating their use. Learn more about the project at www.jamestowntribe.org/programs/nrs/nrs_climchg.htm. This webinar was co-sponsored by the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Todd Hallenbeck of the West Coast Governors Alliance on Ocean Health. The West Coast Ocean Data Portal, launched in January 2014, connects people to ocean and coastal data to better inform regional ocean management, planning, and policy development along the US West Coast. The Portal recently launched new tools to help marine debris practitioners better plan for cleanups, understand impacts of debris along the coast, and advocate for better policies. Using the portal, practitioners can discover and analyze a comprehensive database of marine debris cleanup observations to visualize spatial patterns and trends. Understanding, tracking, and visualizing marine debris sources, sinks, and transport will help resource management agencies and NGOs work to prevent and reduce the impacts of marine debris and derelict fishing gear along the US West Coast. Access the portal at portal.westcoastoceans.org. This webinar was co-sponsored by the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Malin Pinsky of Rutgers University. By 2100, ocean waters are expected to be substantially warmer than they are today, with profound effects on fisheries. One of the most commonly observed impacts of climate change is through shifts in species distributions, and recent evidence suggests that marine fish and invertebrates closely follow climate velocity (the rate and direction that isotherms move across the seascape). Despite broad recognition of impacts, however, incorporating climate considerations into fisheries management has been challenging. Here, we describe a new web-based tool that will help managers, scientists, fishermen, and the public track shifts in the distribution of the nation’s marine fish and other animals with changing ocean conditions. The OceanAdapt website is the result of a partnership between NOAA Fisheries and Rutgers University that annually aggregates marine biological survey data from around North America. The effort is part of the growing trend towards open science and can help in the preparation of climate vulnerability analyses or in the prioritization of species for more focused adaptation efforts. Learn more about OceanAdapt at http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/stories/2014/12/oceanadapt_trackingfish.html. This webinar was co-sponsored by the EBM Tools Network.
In this webinar, Julie Raymond-Yakoubian of Kawerak, Inc. will presented a recently completed project on indigenous knowledge and use of ocean currents. She shared perspectives on the importance of traditional understandings of ocean currents as a critical aspect of the body of knowledge held by communities in the region, how this knowledge was collected, and the modern-day practical applications of this knowledge for marine policy, planning, and safety considerations. Examples of where this knowledge is currently being used was also presented. This webinar was cosponsored by NOAA National Marine Protected Areas Center, the EBM Tools Network, and MPA News.
This webinar was presented by Jenna Jambeck of the University of Georgia. Considerable progress has been made in determining the amount and location of plastic debris in our seas, but how much plastic actually enters them in the first place is more uncertain. Dr. Jambeck led a research team that combined available data on waste management infrastructure with a model that uses population density and economic status to estimate the amount of land-based plastic waste entering the ocean. The findings: as much as 12.7 million metric tons of plastic is entering the global ocean annually, and unless waste management practices are improved, the flux of plastics to the oceans could increase by an order of magnitude within the next decade. In this one-hour webinar, Dr. Jambeck will cover this groundbreaking study and answer audience questions on her methods and findings, including implications for reducing marine debris. The study and a podcast about the study are available at www.sciencemag.org/content/347/6223/768.abstract. This webinar was co-sponsored by the EBM Tools Network and MarineDebris.Info.
This webinar was presented by Morgan Gopnik of Environmental Policy Consulting. One of the most recent trends in ocean management has been the introduction of Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) to reconcile multiple human objectives, including economic growth and ecosystem protection, within the exclusive economic zone (EEZ). A very similar balancing act has been practiced for decades on U.S. public lands with varying degrees of success. A recently released book, From the Forest to the Sea: Public Lands Management and Marine Spatial Planning by Dr. Morgan Gopnik, shows that the complex and frequently contentious story of the U.S. National Forests can be instructive to ocean managers. Her analysis shows how land management approaches evolved over time and reveals the ambiguities and contradictions inherent in multiple-use management of any public space. This webinar will discuss how members of the ocean community might achieve their goals more effectively by learning from the experiences of their land-based counterparts. This webinar was co-sponsored by the EBM Tools Network.
Learn how the Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary MPA is planning for climate-smart adaptation and how you might be able to use the same approach. Sara Hutto presented the results of a vulnerability assessment for species, habitats and ecosystem services in the North-central California region. Application of the vulnerability assessment, scenario planning, and the formation of a working group to develop adaptive management recommendations was also discussed. To learn more about how the assessment was conducted, please view the August 2014 webinar presentation, A Climate-Smart Approach to Adaptive Management of North-central California Coast and Ocean Resources. This webinar was co-sponsored by the NOAA National Marine Protected Areas Center, the EBM Tools Network, OpenChannels.org, and MPA News.
This webinar was presented by Jorge Brenner of The Nature Conservancy, Greg Guannel and Gregg Verutes of the Natural Capital Project, and Joey Bernhardt of the University of British Columbia. It was cosponsored by the EBM Tools Network. Blue Carbon is a term used to define carbon that is stored and sequestered in coastal wetland habitats. Wetland habitats found along the Gulf Coast of Texas include coastal salt marshes, fresh water marshes, swamps, seagrass beds, and mangroves. All of these habitats are capable of storing, or “sinking”, significant quantities of carbon in their plant matter and soils. The Nature Conservancy’s Texas Blue Carbon Analysis estimated the total amount of carbon stored in coastal wetlands along the coast of Texas. These estimates are based on three “pools” of carbon that are associated with terrestrial and wetland plant communities: 1) above ground biomass (plant material), 2) below ground biomass (roots), and 3) soils. The study site was a zone that extended 10 kilometers inland from the entire Texas coastline. Carbon modeling was done using the InVEST Terrestrial Carbon model (www.naturalcapitalproject.org/InVEST.html). The results of this analysis are designed to help prioritize conservation/restoration activities in wetlands in order to maximize the benefits they provide to all of society. Currently only about 28% of the coastal wetlands analyzed in this study are found within protected conservation and management areas.
This webinar was presented by Amy Polaczyk of Warren Pinnacle Consulting, and it was cosponsored by the EBM Tools Network. In 2013, the states of New York and Connecticut and the New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission funded the application of the Sea-Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM) to the entire coast of New York and Long Island Sound. Model simulations incorporated the most up-to-date wetland layers and hydro-enforced LiDAR-derived elevation data with an extensive tide range database and dynamic marsh accretion feedbacks based on mechanistic models of marsh and water quality characteristics. Simulations were run under four New York-specific scenarios of future sea level rise. Stochastic uncertainty analyses were completed, providing confidence intervals for projections, spatial maps showing likelihood of land conversions, and statistical indicators to characterize possible future outcomes and thus better assist decision making. This presentation will discuss the SLAMM application and results, with a focus on the results of the uncertainty analyses and their implications for identifying appropriate planning, management, and adaptation strategies. Learn more at www.warrenpinnacle.com.