This webinar was presented by Katie Arkema of Stanford University, Chantalle Clarke-Samuels of the Belize Coastal Zone Management Authority and Institute, and Gregg Verutes of WWF.
Ocean planning requires balancing numerous competing uses such as recreation and commercial fisheries, tourism, and renewable and nonrenewable energy production. To help meet the demand for information on how human actions affect ecosystems and the benefits that ecosystems provide to people, the Natural Capital Project (NatCap) developed the Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs (InVEST) toolkit.
In 2010, Belize’s Coastal Zone Management Authority (CZMAI) partnered with WWF and NatCap to answer the question, “Where should we site coastal and ocean uses to reduce risk to marine ecosystems and enhance benefits they provide to people?” The project team used a risk assessment tool in InVEST to assess how threats to marine ecosystems posed by humans and other factors can modify ecosystem condition and function. They then applied a suite of other models within InVEST to map and measure key ecosystem services – annual production of spiny lobster, tourism and recreation, and coastal protection in this case – and changes in value under different management scenarios. This work informed Belize’s first National Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan which was recently endorsed by the Belize government. Read more about the project at https://www.openchannels.org/node/12032. Webinar co-sponsored by MEAM, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Wendy Morrison of NOAA. To prepare for and respond to current and future changes in climate and oceans, fisheries managers and scientists need tools to identify what fishery resources may be most vulnerable in a changing climate and why. The NOAA Fisheries Fish Species Climate Vulnerability Assessment Methodology uses information on species life history characteristics, species distributions and projected future climate and ocean conditions to estimate the relative vulnerability of fish species to changes in abundance or productivity (and to some extent distribution). The results help guide additional science to better understand possible climate impacts on fish species or stocks and assist fisheries decision makers in considering how to prepare for and respond to climate-related changes. NOAA scientists recently applied this new methodology to 82 fish and invertebrate species occurring on the US Northeast Shelf to assess the relative vulnerability of these species to climate change. They are in the process of expanding the assessment to additional regions including the US West Coast and Alaska. This webinar introduced the methodology and use results from the US Northeast assessment to describe the type of information created and potential uses of the results.
Learn more about the methodology at https://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/Assets/ecosystems/climate/documents/TM%20OSF3.pdf and http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0146756. Webinar co-sponsored by MEAM, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
Learn about how Clean Water Fund developed Rethink Disposable in partnership with San Francisco Bay Area municipalities to engage local businesses and the public in implementing upstream solutions to reduce the amount of disposable take-out food packaging ending up in creeks and San Francisco Bay. In addition to preventing marine debris, the benefits of reducing and eliminating disposables include: conserving resources, reducing waste, preventing pollution, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions throughout the lifecycle of a single-use disposable product from extraction to disposal. Minimizing single-use disposable packaging can provide environmental and economic benefits to local governments and significant cost savings to businesses. Rethink Disposable is helping lead a cultural shift towards making “reusable” the new norm.
This webinar was presented by Daniel Pauly and Dirk Zeller of the Sea Around Us and the University of British Columbia. How much fish are we really catching from the world’s oceans? Catch data are important in fisheries research, but the availability of reliable and comprehensive catch data is often taken for granted. In a large number of countries, reliable catch data are not available, and the catch data these countries submit to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) are incomplete and highly variable. Given the role of FAO in world fisheries, this means that many of the “big numbers” cited when talking or writing about global fisheries are erroneous. We present a “catch reconstruction” approach that we have applied to all maritime countries of the world to overcome this situation. In this webinar, we will present our scientific approach, results from several countries illustrating the issues and problems, and the global results as presented in our recent paper. All materials and data for all maritime countries in the world (plus a wide variety of additional data and information items) are freely available for download at www.seaaroundus.org. Webinar co-sponsored by MEAM, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Mark Young of the Pew Charitable Trusts. Illegal fishing is a global concern that threatens the long-term health of our oceans, worsens the impact of overfishing on critical marine ecosystems, and costs up to an estimated $23.5 billion annually. It accounts for 1 of every 5 fish taken from the world’s seas and jeopardizes the livelihoods of tens of millions of people who depend on the oceans’ resources. The Pew Charitable Trusts has partnered with the Satellite Applications Catapult to pioneer Project Eyes on the Seas. This cutting-edge technology platform combines satellite monitoring and imagery data with other information, such as fishing vessel databases and oceanographic data, to help authorities detect suspicious fishing activity. Learn more at http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/multimedia/video/2015/project-eyes-on-the-seas.
This webinar was presented by Daniel Dunn of Duke University, Sara Maxwell of Old Dominion University and Alistair Hobday of CSIRO. Ocean environments, ocean life, and ocean users are often highly mobile, but most ocean management techniques are not. This mismatch leads to ocean management that is, at times, ineffective, inefficient, or both. An emerging management approach – “dynamic ocean management” – could change that. Dynamic ocean management uses techniques that change in space and time, reflecting the actual or predicted movements of ocean life and ocean users rather than relying on traditional static measures such as fixed boundaries or seasons. This dynamic approach has the potential to narrow the spatial and temporal scope of regulations and thus reduce the social impacts of regulations (e.g., managers would close a portion of a fishing ground rather than an entire fishery to avoid exceeding bycatch limits). Most applications of dynamic ocean management to date have involved the fishing and shipping industries. But there is the potential to expand the approach to regulation of alternative energy sources (including wind, solar, and tidal energy), oil and gas production, military operations, and even mobile marine protected areas. This webinar will provide an overview of DOM, specific examples of existing DOM measures, and a management strategy evaluation of static vs dynamic management measures. Learn more about this new management approach and tools that enable it. Webinar co-sponsored by MEAM, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Jen Plunket of the North Inlet-Winyah Bay NERR, Scott Lerberg of the Chesapeake Bay NERR, and Robin Weber of the Narragansett Bay NERR. Changes in climate affect ecosystems directly and interact with current stressors to impact vital coastal habitats. Adaptive capacity imparted from a system’s natural traits or potential management actions can lessen these impacts. The Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Tool for Coastal Habitats (CCVATCH) is a spreadsheet-based decision support tool that utilizes a team of local experts - land managers and researchers - to assess the possible interactions of climate change, stressors, and adaptive capacity to understand the climate vulnerabilities of a habitat. The CCVATCH Guidance Document provides background information and assessment questions for each climate-stressor interaction and adaptive capacity considerations. The spreadsheet itself calculates scores for sensitivity-exposure, adaptive capacity, and overall vulnerability. Learn more at http://www.ccvatch.com. Webinar co-sponsored by MEAM, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Alan Leonardi of the NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research. Advances in technology for ocean exploration are allowing us to reach new depths and previously unknown areas. As we reach these new frontiers, what is the interface between ocean exploration and the MPA community like? And how can state-of-the art ocean exploration support the research and policy decisions surrounding the nation's system of marine protected areas? Webinar co-sponsored by the NOAA National Marine Protected Areas Center, MPA News, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Diogo Veríssimo of Rare and Georgia State University. Marketing techniques, honed by the commercial sector, are inherently about getting people to change their behavior, whether it is buying a product, recycling, or supporting a new approach to management. Marketing brings together elements of psychology, sociology, economics, and graphic design to help understand people and how they make decisions and build relationships with them. Conservation and management efforts can benefit from marketing because effective conservation and management are also about getting people – resource users, resource managers, consumers, local citizens, politicians, etc. – to change their behavior. In some cases, the desired changes are ending human behaviors/activities with negative environmental impacts such as poaching. In others, it is encouraging positive behaviors such as purchasing sustainably sourced seafood. This webinar will cover what social marketing is (and isn’t), what it offers to conservation and management practitioners, and examples of social marketing being used in a marine conservation context. Read more about social marketing for conservation and management. Webinar co-sponsored by MEAM, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Brad Barr of NOAA. NOAA archeologists have discovered the battered hulls of two nineteenth century whaling ships nearly 144 years after they sank off the Arctic coast of Alaska in one of the planet's most unexplored ocean regions. The shipwrecks, and parts of other ships, that were found are most likely the remains of 33 ships trapped by pack ice close to the Alaskan Arctic shore in September 1871. The whaling captains had counted on a wind shift from the east to drive the ice out to sea as it had always done in years past. The ships were destroyed in a matter of weeks, leaving more than 1,200 whalers stranded at the top of the world until they could be rescued by other seven ships from the fleet located about 80 miles to the south in open water off Icy Cape. No one died in the incident, but it is cited as one of the major causes of the demise of commercial whaling in the United States. Webinar co-sponsored by the NOAA National Marine Protected Areas Center, MPA News, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.