This webinar was presented by Daniel Pauly and Dirk Zeller of the Sea Around Us and the University of British Columbia. How much fish are we really catching from the world’s oceans? Catch data are important in fisheries research, but the availability of reliable and comprehensive catch data is often taken for granted. In a large number of countries, reliable catch data are not available, and the catch data these countries submit to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) are incomplete and highly variable. Given the role of FAO in world fisheries, this means that many of the “big numbers” cited when talking or writing about global fisheries are erroneous. We present a “catch reconstruction” approach that we have applied to all maritime countries of the world to overcome this situation. In this webinar, we will present our scientific approach, results from several countries illustrating the issues and problems, and the global results as presented in our recent paper. All materials and data for all maritime countries in the world (plus a wide variety of additional data and information items) are freely available for download at www.seaaroundus.org. Webinar co-sponsored by MEAM, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Mark Young of the Pew Charitable Trusts. Illegal fishing is a global concern that threatens the long-term health of our oceans, worsens the impact of overfishing on critical marine ecosystems, and costs up to an estimated $23.5 billion annually. It accounts for 1 of every 5 fish taken from the world’s seas and jeopardizes the livelihoods of tens of millions of people who depend on the oceans’ resources. The Pew Charitable Trusts has partnered with the Satellite Applications Catapult to pioneer Project Eyes on the Seas. This cutting-edge technology platform combines satellite monitoring and imagery data with other information, such as fishing vessel databases and oceanographic data, to help authorities detect suspicious fishing activity. Learn more at http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/multimedia/video/2015/project-eyes-on-the-seas.
This webinar was presented by Daniel Dunn of Duke University, Sara Maxwell of Old Dominion University and Alistair Hobday of CSIRO. Ocean environments, ocean life, and ocean users are often highly mobile, but most ocean management techniques are not. This mismatch leads to ocean management that is, at times, ineffective, inefficient, or both. An emerging management approach – “dynamic ocean management” – could change that. Dynamic ocean management uses techniques that change in space and time, reflecting the actual or predicted movements of ocean life and ocean users rather than relying on traditional static measures such as fixed boundaries or seasons. This dynamic approach has the potential to narrow the spatial and temporal scope of regulations and thus reduce the social impacts of regulations (e.g., managers would close a portion of a fishing ground rather than an entire fishery to avoid exceeding bycatch limits). Most applications of dynamic ocean management to date have involved the fishing and shipping industries. But there is the potential to expand the approach to regulation of alternative energy sources (including wind, solar, and tidal energy), oil and gas production, military operations, and even mobile marine protected areas. This webinar will provide an overview of DOM, specific examples of existing DOM measures, and a management strategy evaluation of static vs dynamic management measures. Learn more about this new management approach and tools that enable it. Webinar co-sponsored by MEAM, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Jen Plunket of the North Inlet-Winyah Bay NERR, Scott Lerberg of the Chesapeake Bay NERR, and Robin Weber of the Narragansett Bay NERR. Changes in climate affect ecosystems directly and interact with current stressors to impact vital coastal habitats. Adaptive capacity imparted from a system’s natural traits or potential management actions can lessen these impacts. The Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Tool for Coastal Habitats (CCVATCH) is a spreadsheet-based decision support tool that utilizes a team of local experts - land managers and researchers - to assess the possible interactions of climate change, stressors, and adaptive capacity to understand the climate vulnerabilities of a habitat. The CCVATCH Guidance Document provides background information and assessment questions for each climate-stressor interaction and adaptive capacity considerations. The spreadsheet itself calculates scores for sensitivity-exposure, adaptive capacity, and overall vulnerability. Learn more at http://www.ccvatch.com. Webinar co-sponsored by MEAM, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Alan Leonardi of the NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research. Advances in technology for ocean exploration are allowing us to reach new depths and previously unknown areas. As we reach these new frontiers, what is the interface between ocean exploration and the MPA community like? And how can state-of-the art ocean exploration support the research and policy decisions surrounding the nation's system of marine protected areas? Webinar co-sponsored by the NOAA National Marine Protected Areas Center, MPA News, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Diogo Veríssimo of Rare and Georgia State University. Marketing techniques, honed by the commercial sector, are inherently about getting people to change their behavior, whether it is buying a product, recycling, or supporting a new approach to management. Marketing brings together elements of psychology, sociology, economics, and graphic design to help understand people and how they make decisions and build relationships with them. Conservation and management efforts can benefit from marketing because effective conservation and management are also about getting people – resource users, resource managers, consumers, local citizens, politicians, etc. – to change their behavior. In some cases, the desired changes are ending human behaviors/activities with negative environmental impacts such as poaching. In others, it is encouraging positive behaviors such as purchasing sustainably sourced seafood. This webinar will cover what social marketing is (and isn’t), what it offers to conservation and management practitioners, and examples of social marketing being used in a marine conservation context. Read more about social marketing for conservation and management. Webinar co-sponsored by MEAM, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Brad Barr of NOAA. NOAA archeologists have discovered the battered hulls of two nineteenth century whaling ships nearly 144 years after they sank off the Arctic coast of Alaska in one of the planet's most unexplored ocean regions. The shipwrecks, and parts of other ships, that were found are most likely the remains of 33 ships trapped by pack ice close to the Alaskan Arctic shore in September 1871. The whaling captains had counted on a wind shift from the east to drive the ice out to sea as it had always done in years past. The ships were destroyed in a matter of weeks, leaving more than 1,200 whalers stranded at the top of the world until they could be rescued by other seven ships from the fleet located about 80 miles to the south in open water off Icy Cape. No one died in the incident, but it is cited as one of the major causes of the demise of commercial whaling in the United States. Webinar co-sponsored by the NOAA National Marine Protected Areas Center, MPA News, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Karen Richardson of the Commission for Environmental Cooperation. Blue carbon denotes the long-term storage of carbon within plant habitats growing in coastal lands and nearshore marine environments. With support from the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, maps of blue carbon habitats- seagrass, salt marsh, and mangroves- on the coasts of Canada, Mexico and the United States were collected, verified and compiled to create the first continent-wide collection of blue carbon habitat maps. These maps show that seagrasses grow coastally throughout North America, mangroves are primarily tropical, and salt marshes are primarily temperate/arctic. A geodatabase was established, metadata were documented, and data and methodological gaps were assessed along with challenges in identifying the extent of these habitats. The maps compiled for North America document 24,200 km2 of seagrass, 13,500 km2 of salt marsh, and 10,100 km2 of mangrove. Only half of the continent’s seagrasses have been mapped, and priority sites were identified for future mapping. The area of blue carbon habitat within marine protected areas and terrestrial protected areas was also determined, and an initial analysis of priority areas in all three habitats for blue carbon preservation, restoration and management was conducted. Webinar co-sponsored by the NOAA National Marine Protected Areas Center, the EBM Tools Network, OpenChannels.org, and MPA News.
This webinar was presented by Andrea Dell’Apa, Adam Fullerton, Frank Schwing, and Peg Brady of NOAA. This webinar will provide an overview of the current state of practice among a number of US federal programs employing EBM approaches in the ocean, coastal zone, and the Great Lakes. The National Ocean Policy EBM-Subgroup recently conducted a study using social network analysis to explore similarities among programs in different topic areas (e.g., type of audience, partners, training, EBM best management practices and principles). The study found substantial differences in perceived and effective performances across programs, with Management programs showing a higher level of integration of EBM approaches than Non-Management programs. The use of EBM best management practices and principles among programs was unbalanced, with some key elements of EBM strategies less commonly employed in management planning. This analysis identified gaps in the implementation of EBM strategies that can inform natural resource managers and planners. Read the study at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308597X15002122. Webinar co-sponsored by MEAM, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.
This webinar was presented by Daniel Whittle of EDF, Billy Causey of NOAA, Pedro Ramos of NPS, and Raimundo Espinoza of TNC.
On Nov 18, 2015, NOAA and the US National Park Service signed a memorandum of understanding with Cuba’s Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment to cooperate on the conservation and management of Marine Protected Areas – one of the first bilateral arrangements following the recent renewal of diplomatic relations between the US and Cuba. This groundbreaking accord follows years of work by EDF and others to bring together marine scientists, resource users and managers in both countries to develop joint conservation strategies for the marine ecosystem of the region. This presentation will highlight Cuba’s spectacular marine environments, the development of the system of MPAs in Cuba, and how the establishment of sister sanctuary programs under the agreement will facilitate greater understanding and protection of the marine resources our two countries share. Learn more at http://sanctuaries.noaa.gov/news/nov15/us-and-cuba-to-cooperate-on-sister-sanctuaries.html. Webinar co-sponsored by the NOAA National Marine Protected Areas Center, MPA News, OpenChannels.org, and the EBM Tools Network.